Switzerland

Founded in 44 BC by [[Lucius Munatius Plancus Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked country located in west-central Europe. It is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland is geographically divided among the Swiss Plateau, the Alps and the Jura; the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, whereas most of the country's population of 9 million are concentrated on the plateau, which hosts its largest cities and economic centres, including Zürich, Geneva, and Basel.

Switzerland originates from the Old Swiss Confederacy established in the Late Middle Ages, following a series of military successes against Austria and Burgundy; the Federal Charter of 1291 is considered the country's founding document. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognised in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. Switzerland has maintained a policy of armed neutrality since the 16th century and has not fought an international war since 1815. It joined the United Nations only in 2002 but pursues an active foreign policy that includes frequent involvement in peace building.

Switzerland is the birthplace of the Red Cross and hosts the headquarters or offices of most major international institutions, including the WTO, the WHO, the ILO, FIFA, and the UN. It is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), but not part of the European Union (EU), the European Economic Area, or the eurozone; however, it participates in the European single market and the Schengen Area. Switzerland is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities based in Bern.

Switzerland is one of the world's most developed countries, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. Switzerland ranks first in the Human Development Index since 2021 and performs highly also on several international metrics, including economic competitiveness and democratic governance. Cities such as Zürich, Geneva and Basel rank among the highest in terms of quality of life, albeit with some of the highest costs of living.

It has four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Although most Swiss are German-speaking, national identity is fairly cohesive, being rooted in a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy, and Alpine symbolism. Swiss identity transcends language, ethnicity, and religion, leading to Switzerland being described as a ("nation of volition") rather than a nation state. Due to its linguistic diversity, Switzerland is known by multiple native names: , .}} (German); or , pronounced . ''Schwyz'' is also the standard German (and international) name of one of the Swiss cantons.}} (French); (Italian); and (Romansh). On coins and stamps, the Latin name, —frequently shortened to "Helvetia"—is used instead of the spoken languages. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 1,591 for search 'Switzerland', query time: 0.05s Refine Results
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    The Federal Constitution of Switzerland /

    Published 1970
    Other Authors: “…Switzerland…”
    Book
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    CERN neutrino experiment by Gaillard, J. M.

    Published 1964
    Other Authors: “…CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
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    How to secure a country : from border policing via weather forecast to social engineering : a visual study of 21st-century statehood /

    Published 2019
    “…Willumeit -- Making Switzerland secure, making security Swiss /…”
    Book
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    Constitution fédérale pour la Confédération suisse : du 12 septembre 1848.

    Published 1848
    “…Switzerland…”
    Full Text (via Gale)
    eBook
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    Swiss company law : translation of the official text with an introduction, synoptic tables, annotations and appendices /

    Published 1984
    “…Switzerland…”
    Book
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    Constitution fédérale de la confédération suisse du 29 mai 1874 etat le 1er avril 1986.

    Published 1986
    “…Switzerland…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
  14. 14

    Der internationale Frauenkongress in London by Braun, Lily, 1865-1916

    Published 1900
    “…Switzerland…”
    Full Text (via Gale)
    Electronic eBook
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    Swiss family law /

    Published 1965
    “…Switzerland…”
    Book
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    Arrêté fédéral instituant des mesures visant à équilibrer le budget du 19 décembre 1997

    Published 1998
    “…Switzerland…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
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    Code pénal suisse. : Annoté /

    Published 1967
    “…Switzerland…”
    Book
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    The federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation, September 12, 1848

    Published 1858
    “…Switzerland…”
    Full Text (via LLMC)
    Electronic eBook
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    Schweizerisches Obligationenrecht : Textausg. mit Einleitung, Anmerkungen, Ausführungserlassen und Sachregister /

    Published 1966
    “…Switzerland…”
    Book
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