Sri Lanka

[[Ptolemy's world map Sri Lanka,, ; (); ()}} historically known as Ceylon and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia. It lies in the Indian Ocean, southwest of the Bay of Bengal, separated from the Indian peninsula by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. It shares a maritime border with the Maldives in the southwest and India in the northwest.

Sri Lanka has a population of approximately 22 million and is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities. The Sinhalese people form the majority of the population, followed by the Sri Lankan Tamils, who are the largest minority group and are concentrated in northern Sri Lanka; both groups have played an influential role in the island's history. Other long-established groups include the Moors, Indian Tamils, Burghers, Malays, Chinese, and Vedda.

Sri Lanka's documented history goes back 3,000 years, with evidence of prehistoric human settlements dating back 125,000 years. The earliest known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, known collectively as the Pāli canon, date to the fourth Buddhist council, which took place in 29 BCE. Also called the ''Pearl of the Indian Ocean'', or the ''Granary of the East'', Sri Lanka's geographic location and deep harbours have made it of great strategic importance, from the earliest days of the ancient Silk Road trade route to today's so-called maritime Silk Road. Because its location made it a major trading hub, it was already known to both East Asians and Europeans as long ago as the Anuradhapura period. During a period of great political crisis in the Kingdom of Kotte, the Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka and sought to control its maritime trade, with a part of Sri Lanka subsequently becoming a Portuguese possession. After the Sinhalese-Portuguese war, the Dutch Empire and the Kingdom of Kandy took control of those areas. The Dutch possessions were then taken by the British, who later extended their control over the whole island, colonising it from 1815 to 1948. A national movement for political independence arose in the early 20th century, and in 1948, Ceylon became a dominion. It was succeeded by the republic of Sri Lanka in 1972. Sri Lanka's more recent history was marred by a 26-year civil war, which began in 1983 and ended in 2009, when the Sri Lanka Armed Forces defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.

Sri Lanka is a developing country, ranking 73rd on the Human Development Index. It is the highest-ranked South Asian nation in terms of development and has the second-highest per capita income in South Asia. However, the ongoing economic crisis has resulted in the collapse of its currency, rising inflation, and a humanitarian crisis due to a severe shortage of essentials. It has also led to an eruption of street protests, with citizens successfully demanding that the president and the government step down. The country has had a long history of engagement with modern international groups; it is a founding member of the SAARC, the G77 and the Non-Aligned Movement, as well as a member of the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 149 for search 'Sri Lanka', query time: 0.06s Refine Results
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    The Constitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka as amended up to 09th September 2010.

    Published 2011
    “…Sri Lanka…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
  3. 3
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    The Constitution of Ceylon / by Jennings, Ivor, Sir, 1903-1965

    Published 1949
    “…Sri Lanka…”
    Book
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    The law of obligations /

    Published 1912
    “…Sri Lanka…”
    Book
  7. 7

    A digest of the civil law of Ceylon / by Arunachalam, Ponnambalam, Sir, 1853-1924

    Published 1910
    “…Sri Lanka…”
    Book
  8. 8

    Boundary divisions of mediaeval Sri Lanka : (based on a study of boundary books) / by Abhayavardhana, Ec. Ē. Pī., 1930-

    Published 1999
    “…Norway. Embassy (Sri Lanka)…”
    Thesis Book
  9. 9

    Operational plan.

    “…USAID/Sri Lanka…”
    Online Access
    Online Access
    Government Document Serial
  10. 10

    Annual report fy ..

    “…USAID/Sri Lanka…”
    Online Access
    Online Access
    Government Document Serial
  11. 11

    Web-based instructional learning /

    Published 2002
    “…(Open University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka), S. Ratnajeevan H. Hoole (University …”
    Full Text (via EBSCO)
    eBook
  12. 12

    A Case Study on Special Education in Sri Lanka

    Published 1988
    “…Sri Lanka. Adhyāpana Amātyāṃśaya…”
    Request ERIC Document
    Microfilm Book
  13. 13

    Sinhala Language Trainer's Manual

    Published 1995
    “…Peace Corps Sri Lanka…”
    Full Text (via ERIC)
    Electronic eBook
  14. 14

    Country Report from Sri Lanka (Ceylon)

    Published 1977
    “…Sri Lanka. Adhyāpana Amātyāṃśaya…”
    Request ERIC Document
    Microfilm Book
  15. 15

    A Project on Teacher Training for the Development of the Small School in Sri Lanka by Ekanayake, S. B.

    Published 1979
    “…Sri Lanka. Adhyāpana Amātyāṃśaya…”
    Request ERIC Document
    Microfilm Book
  16. 16
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    Journal of the Gemmologists Association of Sri Lanka

    Published 1984
    “…Gemmologists Association of Sri Lanka…”
    Full Text (via CRL)
    Electronic Serial
  18. 18

    Sri Lanka 1:250,000 /

    Published 1992
    “…Sri Lanka. Minindōru Depārtamēntuva…”
    Map
  19. 19

    Management for Educational Development in Sri Lanka

    Published 1984
    “…Sri Lanka. Adhyāpana Amātyāṃśaya…”
    Request ERIC Document
    Microfilm Book
  20. 20

    The prehistory of Sri Lanka : an ecological perspective / by Deraniyagala, S. U.

    Published 1992
    “…Sri Lanka. Purāvidyā Depārtamēntuva…”
    Book
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