Japan

[[Legend Japan, or , formally , '' or ''. In Japanese, the name of the country as it appears on official documents, including the country's constitution, is , meaning "State of Japan". The short name is also often used officially. In English, the official name of the country is simply "Japan".|group=nb}} is an island country in East Asia, located in the Pacific Ocean off the northeast coast of the Asian mainland. It is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. The Japanese archipelago consists of four major islands—Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu—and thousands of smaller islands, covering around . With a population of more than 125 million as of 2020, Japan is the 11th most populous country. Tokyo is its capital and largest city. Japan is divided into 47 administrative prefectures and eight traditional regions. About three-quarters of the country's terrain is mountainous and heavily forested, concentrating its agriculture and highly urbanized population along its eastern coastal plains. Greater Tokyo is the world's most populous metropolitan area, with more than 38 million inhabitants as of 2016. Part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan's islands are prone to destructive earthquakes and tsunamis.

The first known habitation of the archipelago dates to the Upper Paleolithic, with the beginning Japanese Paleolithic dating to circa 36,000 BC. Between the fourth and sixth centuries, its kingdoms were united under an emperor in Nara, and later Heian-kyō. From the 12th century, actual power was held by military dictators () and feudal lords (), and enforced by warrior nobility (''samurai''). After rule by the Kamakura and Ashikaga shogunates and a century of warring states, Japan was unified in 1600 by the Tokugawa shogunate, which implemented an isolationist foreign policy. In 1853, a United States fleet forced Japan to open trade to the West, which led to the end of the shogunate and the restoration of imperial power in 1868. In the Meiji period, the Empire of Japan pursued rapid industrialization and modernization, as well as militarism and overseas colonization. In 1937, Japan invaded China, and in 1941 attacked the United States and European colonial powers, entering World War II as an Axis power. After suffering defeat in the Pacific War and two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in 1945 and came under Allied occupation. After the war, the country underwent rapid economic growth, although its economy has stagnated since 1990.

Japan is a constitutional monarchy with a bicameral legislature, the National Diet. A great power and the only Asian member of the G7, Japan has constitutionally renounced its right to declare war, but maintains one of the world's strongest militaries. A highly developed country with one of the world's largest economies, Japan is a global leader in science and technology and the automotive, robotics, and electronics industries. It has one of the world's longest life expectancies, though is undergoing population decline. Japan's culture is well known around the world, including its art, cuisine, film, music, and popular culture, which includes prominent comics, animation, and video game industries. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 4,114 for search 'Japan', query time: 0.06s Refine Results
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    Japan and its trade / by Morris, J., of Japan

    Published 1902
    Full Text (via Gale)
    eBook
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    Fushimi Tennō gyoshū.
    伏見天皇御集.
    by Fushimi, Emperor of Japan, 1265-1317

    Published 1979
    “…Japan. Kunaichō. Shoryōbu…”
    Patrons must make an appointment to view Lib Use Only items
    Book
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    Gotoba-in gyoshū /
    後鳥羽院御集 /
    by Gotoba, Emperor of Japan, 1180-1239

    Published 1997
    Book
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    Makers Of Japan / by Morris, J. (John) (Writer on Japan)

    Published 2018
    Full Text (via Taylor & Francis)
    eBook
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    Tomoshibi = Light : collected poetry / by Akihito, Emperor Emeritus of Japan, 1933-

    Published 1991
    Other Authors: “…Akihito, Emperor Emeritus of Japan, 1933-…”
    Book
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    Shikishi Naishinnō shū, Shunzei-kyō no Musume shū, Kenrei Monʼin Ukyō no Daibu shū, Enshi /
    式子內親王集, 俊成卿女集, 建礼門院右京大夫集, 艶詞 /
    by Shikishi, Princess, daughter of Goshirakawa, Emperor of Japan, -1201

    Published 2001
    Book
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    Kanmon nikki.
    看聞日記
    by Gosukō, Prince, grandson of Sukō, Emperor of Japan, 1372-1456

    Published 2002
    “…Japan. Kunaichō. Shoryōbu…”
    Book
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    Kabuki the classic theatre of Japan /

    Published 1968
    Other Authors: “…Japan Gaimushō…”
    Video VHS
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