Nuremberg trials

Judges' bench during the tribunal at the [[Palace of Justice, Nuremberg|Palace of Justice]] in [[Nuremberg]], [[Allied-occupied Germany]] The Nuremberg trials were held by the Allies against representatives of the defeated Nazi Germany for plotting and carrying out invasions of other countries across Europe and atrocities against their citizens in World War II.

Between 1933 and 1945, Nazi Germany invaded many countries across Europe, inflicting 27 million deaths in the Soviet Union alone. Proposals for how to punish the defeated Nazi leaders ranged from a show trial (the Soviet Union) to summary executions (the United Kingdom). In mid-1945, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States agreed to convene a joint tribunal in Nuremberg, occupied Germany, with the Nuremberg Charter as its legal instrument. Between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946, the International Military Tribunal (IMT) tried 22 of the most important surviving leaders of Nazi Germany in the political, military, and economic spheres, as well as six German organizations. The purpose of the trial was not just to convict the defendants but also to assemble irrefutable evidence of Nazi crimes, offer a history lesson to the defeated Germans, and delegitimize the traditional German elite.

The IMT verdict followed the prosecution in declaring the crime of plotting and waging aggressive war "the supreme international crime" because "it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole". Most of the defendants were also charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity, and the systematic murder of millions of Jews in the Holocaust was significant to the trial. Twelve further trials were conducted by the United States against lower-level perpetrators, which focused more on the Holocaust. Controversial at the time for their retroactive criminalization of aggression, the trials' innovation of holding individuals responsible for violations of international law is considered "the true beginning of international criminal law". Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 49 for search 'International Military Tribunal', query time: 0.05s Refine Results
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    Nuremberg war crimes trials online

    Published 1995
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Electronic eBook
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    Proces Hansa Franka / by Piotrowski, Stanisław

    Published 1970
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
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    Frankreich verlangt Gerechtigkeit im Namen der Menschheit / by Menthon, François de, 1900-1984

    Published 1946
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Book
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    Das Urteil von Nürnberg : vollständiger Text.

    Published 1946
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Book
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    Grundlegende Rede, vorgetragen im Namen der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika / by Jackson, Robert H., 1892-1954

    Published 1946
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Book
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    The trial of German major war criminals proceedings of the International Military Tribunal sitting at Nuremberg, Germany.

    Published 1946
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
  10. 10

    Nazi conspiracy and aggression, opinion and judgment

    Published 1947
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
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    The trial of German major war criminals by the International Military Tribunal sitting at Nuremberg, Germany

    Published 1946
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
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    Trial of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 14 November 1945-1 October 1946

    Published 1947
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
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    Trials of war criminals before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals under Control Council law no. 10 ; Nuremberg, October 1946-April, 1949

    Published 1949
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
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    The Nürnberg case / by Jackson, Robert H., 1892-1954

    Published 1947
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
    Search for the full-text version of this title in HathiTrust
    Book
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    Ni︠u︡rnbergskiĭ prot︠s︡ess : sbornik materialov /
    Нюрнбергский процесс : сборник материалов /

    Published 1951
    “…International Military Tribunal…”
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