Illinois

[[Mississippian copper plate Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It borders Lake Michigan to its northeast, the Mississippi River to its west, and the Wabash and Ohio rivers to its south. Of the fifty U.S. states, Illinois has the fifth-largest gross domestic product (GDP), the sixth-largest population, and the 25th-most land area. Its largest urban areas include Chicago and the Metro East of Greater St. Louis, as well as Peoria, Rockford, Champaign–Urbana, and Springfield, the state's capital.

Illinois has a highly diverse economy, with the global city of Chicago in the northeast, major industrial and agricultural hubs in the north and center, and natural resources such as coal, timber, and petroleum in the south. Owing to its central location and favorable geography, the state is a major transportation hub: the Port of Chicago has access to the Atlantic Ocean through the Great Lakes and Saint Lawrence Seaway and to the Gulf of Mexico from the Mississippi River via the Illinois Waterway. Chicago has been the nation's railroad hub since the 1860s, and its O'Hare International Airport has been among the world's busiest airports for decades. Illinois has long been considered a microcosm of the United States and a bellwether in American culture, exemplified by the phrase ''Will it play in Peoria?''.

Present-day Illinois was inhabited by various indigenous cultures for thousands of years, including the advanced civilization centered in the Cahokia region. The French were the first Europeans to arrive, settling near the Mississippi and Illinois River in the 17th century in the region they called Illinois Country, as part of the sprawling colony of New France. Following U.S. independence in 1783, American settlers began arriving from Kentucky via the Ohio River, and the population grew from south to north. Illinois was part of the United States' oldest territory, the Northwest Territory, and in 1818 it achieved statehood. The Erie Canal brought increased commercial activity in the Great Lakes, and the small settlement of Chicago became one of the fastest growing cities in the world, benefiting from its location as one of the few natural harbors in southwestern Lake Michigan. The invention of the self-scouring steel plow by Illinoisan John Deere turned the state's rich prairie into some of the world's most productive and valuable farmland, attracting immigrant farmers from Germany and Sweden. In the mid-19th century, the Illinois and Michigan Canal and a sprawling railroad network greatly facilitated trade, commerce, and settlement, making the state a transportation hub for the nation.

By 1900, the growth of industrial jobs in the northern cities and coal mining in the central and southern areas attracted immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe. Illinois became one of America's most industrialized states and remains a major manufacturing center. The Great Migration from the South established a large community of African Americans, particularly in Chicago, who founded the city's famous jazz and blues cultures. Chicago became a leading cultural, economic, and population center and is today one of the world's major commercial centers; its metropolitan area, informally referred to as Chicagoland, holds about 65% of the state's 12.8 million residents. Two World Heritage Sites are in Illinois, the ancient Cahokia Mounds, and part of the Wright architecture site. Major centers of learning include the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, and Northwestern University. A wide variety of protected areas seek to conserve Illinois' natural and cultural resources. Historically, three U.S. presidents have been elected while residents of Illinois: Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and Barack Obama; additionally, Ronald Reagan was born and raised in the state. Illinois honors Lincoln with its official state slogan ''Land of Lincoln''. The state is the site of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield and the future home of the Barack Obama Presidential Center in Chicago. Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 1

    Bottoms up Illinois Jacquet on Prestige! / by Jacquet, Illinois

    Published 1968
    CD Audio
  2. 2

    The black velvet band by Jacquet, Illinois

    Published 1988
    CD Audio
  3. 3
  4. 4

    Illinois Jacquet, 1946-1947

    Published 1998
    Other Authors: “…Jacquet, Illinois…”
    CD Audio
  5. 5

    Illinois Jacquet, 1945-1946

    Published 1997
    Other Authors: “…Jacquet, Illinois…”
    CD Audio
  6. 6

    Symphony in memoriam of David Diamond / by Stamp, Jack

    Published 2008
    “…Steele, conductor ; Illinois State University Wind Symphony) --…”
    Online Access
    Electronic Audio
  7. 7

    A Study of Demand and Factors Related to the Improvement of Occupational Education Personnel Development Programs in the State of Illinois by Harris, E. Edward (Earl Edward), 1931-

    Published 1973
    Other Authors: “…Illinois Joint Education Committee…”
    Full Text (via ERIC)
    Electronic eBook
  8. 8

    Geothermal Retrofit of Illinois National Guard's State headquarters Building by Lee, Mark

    Published 2015
    Other Authors: “…Illinois Department of Military Affairs…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
  9. 9

    Concerto for trombone and wind ensemble Symphony no. 8 / by Maslanka, David, 1943-2017

    Published 2009
    “…Steele, conductor ; Illinois State University Wind Symphony) --…”
    Online Access
    Electronic Audio
  10. 10

    Modernizing legal services in common law countries : will the US be left behind? / by Snyder, Laura (Lawyer)

    Published 2017
    “…Washington DC, Colorado and Illinois --…”
    Book
  11. 11

    The human reimagined : posthumanism in Russia /

    Published 2018
    “…Vaingurt, University of Illinois at Chicago --…”
    Book
  12. 12

    An Illinois reader /

    Published 1970
    “…James ; Hard times in Illinois 1780 /…”
    Full Text (via Internet Archive)
    eBook
  13. 13

    Development of improved laser glasses which can be melted on a commercial scale. Second quarterly progress report, January 1, 1977--March 31, 1977 by Vergano, P.J, Rapp, C.F

    Published 1977
    Other Authors: “…Owens-Illinois, Inc., Toledo, Ohio (USA)…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
  14. 14

    Development of improved laser glasses which can be melted on a commercial scale. First quarterly progress report, September 15, 1976--December 31, 1976 by Vergano, P.J, Rapp, C.F

    Published 1977
    Other Authors: “…Owens-Illinois, Inc., Toledo, OH (USA)…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
  15. 15

    Development of improved laser glasses which can be melted on a commercial scale. Annual progress report, September 15, 1976--September 30, 1977 by Vergano, P.J, Rapp, C.F, Huff, N.T

    Published 1978
    Other Authors: “…Owens-Illinois, Inc., Toledo, Ohio (USA)…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
  16. 16

    Understanding Fundamental Material Degradation Processes in High Temperature Aggressive Chemomechanical Environments by Robertson, Ian, Sehitoglu, Huseyin, Stubbins, James, Sofronis, Petros, Gewirth, Andrew

    Published 2014
    Other Authors: “…Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
  17. 17

    Development of improved laser glasses which can be melted on a commercial scale. Final report, September 15, 1976-September 30, 1978 by Vergano, P.J, Rapp, C.F, Huff, N.T, Chapman, G.C

    Published 1979
    Other Authors: “…Owens-Illinois Technical Center, Toledo, OH (USA)…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
  18. 18

    HIGH DENSITY GRAPHITE. Final Report by Nathans, M.W

    Published 1954
    Other Authors: “…Corporation, Morton Grove, Illinois…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
  19. 19

    Does an elevated CO<sub>2</sub> concentration decrease dark respiration in trees? Final technical report by Long, Stephen

    Published 2003
    Other Authors: “…Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)…”
    Online Access
    Government Document Electronic eBook
  20. 20

    United States Commission on Civil Rights : reports on Asian Pacific Americans /

    Published 2005
    Book
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