Hungary

Carpathian Basin Hungary }} is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Spanning of the Carpathian Basin, it is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Romania to the east and southeast, Serbia to the south, Croatia and Slovenia to the southwest, and Austria to the west. Hungary has a population of 9.5 million, mostly ethnic Hungarians and a significant Romani minority. Hungarian, a language belonging to the Ugric branch of the Uralic language family, is the official language, and Budapest is the country's capital and largest city.

Prior to the foundation of the Hungarian state, various peoples settled in the territory of present-day Hungary, most notably the Celts, Romans, Huns, Germanic peoples, Avars and Slavs. The Principality of Hungary was established in the late 9th century by Álmos and his son Árpád through the conquest of the Carpathian Basin. King Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting his realm to a Christian kingdom. The medieval Kingdom of Hungary was a European power, reaching its height in the 14th–15th centuries. After a long period of Ottoman wars, Hungary's forces were defeated at the Battle of Mohács and its capital was captured in 1541, opening roughly a 150 years long period when the country was divided into three parts: Royal Hungary loyal to the Habsburgs, Ottoman Hungary and the largely independent Principality of Transylvania. The reunited Hungary came under Habsburg rule at the turn of the 18th century, fighting a war of independence in 1703–1711, and a war of independence in 1848–1849 until a compromise allowed the formation of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in 1867, a major power into the early 20th century. Austria-Hungary collapsed after World War I, and the subsequent Treaty of Trianon in 1920 established Hungary's current borders, resulting in the loss of 71% of its historical territory, 58% of its population, and 32% of its ethnic Hungarians.

In the interwar period, after initial turmoil, Miklós Horthy ascended as a determining politician, representing the monarchy as regent in place of the Habsburgs. Hungary joined the Axis powers in World War II, suffering significant damage and casualties. As a result, the Hungarian People's Republic was established as a satellite state of the Soviet Union. Following the failed 1956 revolution, Hungary became comparatively freer, but still remained a repressed member of the Eastern Bloc. In 1989, concurrently with the Revolutions of 1989, Hungary peacefully transitioned into a democratic parliamentary republic, joining the European Union in 2004 and being part of the Schengen Area since 2007.

Hungary is a high-income economy with universal health care and tuition-free secondary education. Hungary has a long history of significant contributions to arts, music, literature, sports, science and technology. It is a popular tourist destination in Europe, drawing 24.5 million international tourists in 2019. It is a member of numerous international organisations, including the Council of Europe, NATO, United Nations, World Health Organization, World Trade Organization, World Bank, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, and the Visegrád Group.

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Showing 1 - 20 results of 770 for search 'Hungary', query time: 0.05s Refine Results
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    The Constitution of the Hungarian People's Republic /

    Published 1973
    “…Hungary…”
    Online Access
    Government Document eBook
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    A Magyar nepköztarsasag Polgari törvenykönyve ; az 1959 /

    Published 1959
    “…Hungary…”
    Book
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    The Constitution of the Hungarian People's Republic

    Published 1973
    “…Hungary…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
  11. 11

    Constitution of the Republic of Hungary

    Published 2010
    “…Hungary…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline), English text
    Full Text (via HeinOnline), Hungarian text
    Electronic eBook
  12. 12

    The constitution of the Hungarian People's Republic

    Published 1959
    “…Hungary…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
  13. 13

    A Magyar Népköztársaság alkotmánya

    Published 1959
    “…Hungary…”
    Full Text (via LLMC)
    Electronic eBook
  14. 14

    Act XX of 1949 the Constitution of the Republic of Hungary.

    Published 2022
    “…Hungary…”
    Full Text (via LLMC)
    Electronic eBook
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    Criminal code of the Hungarian People's Republic

    Published 1962
    “…Hungary…”
    Full Text (via LLMC)
    Electronic eBook
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    Civil Code of the Hungarian People's Republic /

    Published 1960
    “…Hungary…”
    Book
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    Zivilgesetzbuch der Ungarischen Volksrepublik /

    Published 1960
    “…Hungary…”
    Book
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    Criminal code of the Hungarian People's Republic /

    Published 1962
    “…Hungary…”
    Book
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    Hatályos magyar jogszabályok = Geltende ungarische Rechtsnormen = Hungarian rules of law in force.

    Published 1990
    “…Hungary…”
    Journal
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    Constitution of the Hungarian People's Republic.

    Published 1949
    “…Hungary…”
    Book
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