Mary Hays

Mary Hays (1759–1843) was an autodidact intellectual who published essays, poetry, novels and several works on famous (and infamous) women. She is remembered for her early feminism, and her close relations to dissenting and radical thinkers of her time including Robert Robinson, Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin and William Frend. She was born in 1759, into a family of Protestant dissenters who rejected the practices of the Church of England (the established church). Hays was described by those who disliked her as 'the baldest disciple of [Mary] Wollstonecraft' by ''The Anti Jacobin Magazine'', attacked as an 'unsex'd female' by clergyman Robert Polwhele, and provoked controversy through her long life with her rebellious writings. When Hays's fiancé John Eccles died on the eve of their marriage, Hays expected to die of grief herself. But this apparent tragedy meant that she escaped an ordinary future as wife and mother, remaining unmarried. She seized the chance to make a career for herself in the larger world as a writer.

Hays was influenced by Mary Wollstonecraft's ''A Vindication of the Rights of Woman'', and after writing admiringly to her, the two women became friends. The backlash following Wollstonecraft's death and posthumous publication of her ''Memoirs'' impacted Hays' later work, which some scholars have called more conservative. Among these later productions is the six-volume compendium ''Female Biography: or Memoirs of Illustrious and Celebrated Women of All Ages and Countries'', in which Wollstonecraft is not mentioned, although Hays had written an extensive obituary for ''The Annual Necrology'' shortly after Godwin's controversial ''Memoirs''. If Wollstonecraft was neglected through the nineteenth century, Hays and her writing received even less critical evaluation or academic attention until the twentieth-century's emerging feminist movement. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 21 for search 'Hays, Mary, 1759-1843', query time: 0.05s Refine Results
  1. 1

    Appeal to the men of Great Britain in behalf of women / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1974
    Book
  2. 2

    Letters and essays, moral and miscellaneous / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1974
    Book
  3. 3

    Memoirs of Emma Courtney / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1996
    Full Text (via Internet Archive)
    eBook
  4. 4

    The correspondence of Mary Hays (1779-1843), British novelist / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 2004
    Book
  5. 5

    Memoirs of Emma Courtney / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1974
    Book
  6. 6

    Appeal to the men of Great Britain in behalf of women by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1798
    Get full text
    Electronic eBook
  7. 7

    Letters and essays, moral, and miscellaneous By Mary Hays. by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1793
    Full Text (via Gale)
    Electronic eBook
  8. 8

    Memoirs of Emma Courtney By Mary Hays. In two volumes. by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1796
    Full Text (via Gale)
    Electronic eBook
  9. 9
  10. 10

    Emma Courtney / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1995
    Book
  11. 11

    Memoirs of Emma Courtney / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1996
    Book
  12. 12

    Family annals : or, The sisters / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 2023
    Full Text (via Taylor & Francis)
    eBook
  13. 13

    Memoirs of queens, illustrious and celebrated by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1821
    Full Text (via Gale)
    Electronic eBook
  14. 14

    The victim of prejudice / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1994
    Book
  15. 15
  16. 16

    Appeal to the men of Great Britain in behalf of women by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1798
    Online Access
    Electronic eBook
  17. 17

    Mary Hays's 'Female biography' : collective biography as Enlightenment feminism / by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 2019
    Book
  18. 18
  19. 19

    Appeal to the men of Great Britain in behalf of women by Hays, Mary, 1759-1843

    Published 1798
    Full Text (via Gale)
    Electronic eBook
  20. 20
Search Tools: RSS Feed