Aaron Burr

Portrait {{circa| 1803}} Aaron Burr Jr. (February 6, 1756 – September 14, 1836) was an American politician, businessman, lawyer, and Founding Father who served as the third vice president of the United States from 1801 to 1805 during Thomas Jefferson's first presidential term. He founded the Manhattan Company on September 1, 1799. Burr is remembered for his famous personal and political conflict with Alexander Hamilton, which culminated in the Burr–Hamilton duel in Weehawken, New Jersey, on July 11, 1804. Burr mortally wounded Hamilton, who died from his wounds the following day.

Burr was born to a prominent family in what was then the Province of New Jersey. After studying theology at Princeton University, he began his career as a lawyer before joining the Continental Army as an officer in the American Revolutionary War in 1775. After leaving military service in 1779, Burr practiced law in New York City, where he became a leading politician and helped form the new Jeffersonian Democratic-Republican Party. As a New York assemblyman in 1785, he supported a bill to end slavery, despite having owned slaves himself.

In 1791, Burr was elected to the United States Senate, where he served until 1797. He later ran as the Democratic-Republican vice-presidential candidate in the 1800 election. An electoral college tie between Burr and Thomas Jefferson resulted in the House of Representatives voting in Jefferson's favor, with Burr becoming Jefferson's vice president due to receiving the second-highest share of the votes. Although Burr maintained that he supported Jefferson, the president was somewhat at odds with Burr, who was relegated to the sidelines of the administration during his vice presidency and was not selected as Jefferson's running mate in 1804 after the ratification of the 12th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

During his last year as vice president, Burr engaged in the duel in which he fatally shot Alexander Hamilton, the former Secretary of the Treasury and his political rival, near where Hamilton's son Philip Hamilton had died in a duel three years prior. Although dueling was illegal, Burr was never tried and all charges against him were eventually dropped. Nevertheless, his killing of Hamilton ended Burr's political career.

Burr traveled west to the American frontier, seeking new economic and political opportunities. His secretive activities led to his 1807 arrest in Alabama on charges of treason. He was brought to trial more than once for what became known as the Burr conspiracy, an alleged plot to create an independent country led by Burr, but was acquitted each time. For a short period of time Burr left the United States to live as an expatriate in Europe. He returned in 1812 and resumed practicing law in New York City. Burr died on September 14, 1836, at the age of eighty. Provided by Wikipedia
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    Correspondence of Aaron Burr and his daughter Theodosia by Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836

    Published 1929
    Online Access
    Electronic eBook
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    Memoirs of Aaron Burr With miscellaneous selections from his correspondence / by Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836

    Published 1836
    Microfilm Book
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    Trial of Aaron Burr for treason by Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836

    Published 1879
    Full Text (via Gale)
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    Political correspondence and public papers of Aaron Burr / by Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836

    Published 1983
    Book
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    Secret history, or, The horrors of St. Domingo in a series of letters / by Hassal, Mary

    Published 1808
    Other Authors: “…Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836…”
    Search for the full-text online version of this title in the Early American imprints database
    Microfilm Book
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    Shout treason the trial of Aaron Burr / by Beirne, Francis F., 1890-

    Published 1959
    Other Authors: “…Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
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    The trial of Aaron Burr by Brady, Joseph P. (Joseph Plunkett), 1869-

    Published 1913
    Other Authors: “…Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836…”
    Full Text (via HeinOnline)
    Electronic eBook
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