Amnesty International

Amnesty International, 19 March 2011 Amnesty International (also referred to as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organisation focused on human rights, with its headquarters in the United Kingdom. The organisation says it has more than ten million members and supporters around the world. The stated mission of the organisation is to campaign for "a world in which every person enjoys all of the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments." The organisation has played a notable role on human rights issues due to its frequent citation in media and by world leaders.

AI was founded in London in 1961 by the lawyer Peter Benenson. In what he called "The Forgotten Prisoners" and "An Appeal for Amnesty", which appeared on the front page of the British newspaper ''The Observer'', Benenson wrote about two students who toasted to freedom in Portugal and four other people who had been jailed in other nations because of their beliefs. AI's original focus was prisoners of conscience, with its remit widening in the 1970s, under the leadership of Seán MacBride and Martin Ennals to include miscarriages of justice and torture. In 1977, it was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In the 1980s, its secretary general was Thomas Hammarberg, succeeded in the 1990s by Pierre Sané. In the 2000s, it was led by Irene Khan.

Amnesty draws attention to human rights abuses and campaigns for compliance with international laws and standards. It works to mobilize public opinion to generate pressure on governments where abuse takes place. Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 1

    Niños /

    Published 1979
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  2. 2

    Human rights violations against the indigenous peoples of the Americas /

    Published 1992
    “…Amnesty International…”
    Full Text (via Internet Archive)
    eBook
  3. 3

    United States of America : rights for all /

    Published 1998
    “…Amnesty International…”
    Book
  4. 4

    Haiti still crying out for justice /

    Published 1998
    “…Amnesty International…”
    Full Text (via LLMC)
    Electronic eBook
  5. 5

    Guatemala, impunity : a question of political will /

    Published 1993
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  6. 6

    Annual report summary /

    “…Amnesty International…”
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    Serial
  7. 7

    Human rights violations against the indigenous peoples of the Americas /

    Published 1992
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  8. 8

    Human rights are women's right.

    Published 1995
    “…Amnesty International…”
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    Musical Score Book Chapter
  9. 9

    When the state kills-- : the death penalty, a human rights issue.

    Published 1989
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  10. 10

    Guatemala : human rights violations under the civilian government.

    Published 1989
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  11. 11
  12. 12

    Romania /

    Published 1978
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  13. 13

    German Democratic Republic : sweeping laws-secret justice /

    Published 1989
    “…Amnesty International USA…”
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  14. 14

    Myanmar /

    Published 1990
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  15. 15

    Vietnam : "renovation" (Doi Moi), the law and human rights in the 1980's /

    Published 1990
    “…Amnesty International USA…”
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  16. 16

    Egypt : arbitrary detention and torture under emergency powers /

    Published 1989
    “…Amnesty International USA…”
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  17. 17

    Morocco : Amnesty International briefing.

    Published 1991
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  18. 18

    United Kingdom : human rights concerns /

    Published 1991
    “…Amnesty International USA…”
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  19. 19

    Mexico : torture with impunity /

    Published 1991
    “…Amnesty International…”
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  20. 20

    China : no one is safe /

    Published 1996
    “…Amnesty International…”
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