John Adams

Portrait {{circa|1800–1815}} John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman, attorney, diplomat, writer, and Founding Father who served as the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. Before his presidency, he was a leader of the American Revolution that achieved independence from Great Britain. During the latter part of the Revolutionary War and in the early years of the new nation, he served the U.S. government as a senior diplomat in Europe. Adams was the first person to hold the office of vice president of the United States, serving from 1789 to 1797. He was a dedicated diarist and regularly corresponded with important contemporaries, including his wife and adviser Abigail Adams and his friend and political rival Thomas Jefferson.

A lawyer and political activist prior to the Revolution, Adams was devoted to the right to counsel and presumption of innocence. He defied anti-British sentiment and successfully defended British soldiers against murder charges arising from the Boston Massacre. Adams was a Massachusetts delegate to the Continental Congress and became a leader of the revolution. He assisted Jefferson in drafting the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and was its primary advocate in Congress. As a diplomat he helped negotiate a peace treaty with Great Britain and secured vital governmental loans. Adams was the primary author of the Massachusetts Constitution in 1780, which influenced the United States Constitution, as did his essay ''Thoughts on Government''.

Adams was elected to two terms as vice president under President George Washington and was elected as the United States' second president in 1796. He was the only president elected under the banner of the Federalist Party. Adams's term was dominated by the issue of the French Revolutionary Wars, and his insistence on American neutrality led to fierce criticism from both the Jeffersonian Republicans and from some in his own party, led by his rival Alexander Hamilton. Adams signed the controversial Alien and Sedition Acts, and built up the Army and Navy in the undeclared naval war with France. He was the first president to reside in the White House.

In his bid in 1800 for reelection to the presidency, opposition from Federalists and accusations of despotism from Jeffersonians led to Adams losing to his vice president and former friend Jefferson, and he retired to Massachusetts. He eventually resumed his friendship with Jefferson by initiating a continuing correspondence. He and Abigail started the Adams political family, which includes their son John Quincy Adams, the sixth president. John Adams died on July 4, 1826 – the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. New Englanders Adams and his son are the only presidents of the first twelve who never owned slaves. Historians and scholars have favorably ranked his administration. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 162 for search 'Adams, John, 1735-1826', query time: 0.08s Refine Results
  1. 1

    Correspondence between John Adams and Mercy Warren / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1972
    Book
  2. 2

    The political writings of John Adams / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 2000
    Full Text (via Internet Archive)
    eBook
  3. 3

    John Adams, 1735-1826 : chronology, documents [and] bibliographical aids / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1967
    Other Authors: “…Adams, John, 1735-1826…”
    Book
  4. 4

    The earliest diary of John Adams; June 1753-April 1754, September 1758-January 1759 / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1966
    Other Authors: “…Adams, John, 1735-1826…”
    Book
  5. 5

    Papers of John Adams / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1977
    Full Text (via Internet Archive)
    eBook
  6. 6

    The selected writings of John and John Quincy Adams / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1946
    Book
  7. 7

    The spur of fame : dialogues of John Adams and Benjamin Rush, 1805-1813 / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1966
    Book
  8. 8
  9. 9

    The political writings of John Adams : representative selections / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1954
    Book
  10. 10

    The political writings of John Adams / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 2000
    Book
  11. 11

    Legal papers of John Adams / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1965
    Book
  12. 12
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  14. 14

    Papers of John Adams / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1977
    Full Text (via Internet Archive)
    eBook
  15. 15

    The portable John Adams / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 2004
    Book
  16. 16

    Adams on Adams / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 2004
    Book
  17. 17

    Twenty-six letters, upon interesting subjects, respecting the revolution of America by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1789
    Microfilm Book
  18. 18
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    John Adams speaking : Pound's sources for the Adams cantos / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 1975
    Book
  20. 20

    Neal Pollack on John Adams : a defence of the constitutions of government of the United States of America / by Adams, John, 1735-1826

    Published 2004
    Other Authors:
    Book
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